Colon and rectum cancer

 Canadian Statistics for 2016

Incidence* 26,100 new cases 2nd highest incidence rate
by cancer
Mortality by cancer* 9,300 deaths 2nd highest mortality rate
by cancer
Probability of developing cancer† Men 7.2%
Women 6.3%
1 in 14 men
1 in 16 women
Probability of dying from cancer† Men 3.5%
Women 3.1%
1 in 29 men
1 in 32 women
*: Estimated number of cases or deaths by cancer for 2016.
†: Lifetime probability of developing or dying from cancer.
Source:
Canadian Cancer Statistics 2016

 Important Fact

The survival rate for colorectal cancer improved by nearly 8 percentage points between 1992-1994 and 2004-2006.

 Risk Factors

  • age – especially after the age of 50
  • presence of polyps (small benign tumours found in the lining of the large intestine or rectum)
  • family history of colorectal cancer – especially if the affected person (parent, brother, sister or child) was diagnosed before the age of 45
  • familial polyposis of the colon or hereditary colorectal cancer without polyposis
  • disease causing inflammation of the digestive tract (ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease)
  • diet high in red meat (beef, pork, lamb) or processed meat (ham, salami, sausages)
  • consumption of alcohol; smoking; lack of physical activity; obesity
For more information:

Types
Causes - Risk factors
Sign and symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatments
Prognosis and follow-up
References

 


 

 


Colon and rectum cancer

The five-year relative survival ratio is now 64%.



$3,359,100
granted by the Cancer Research Society since 2009.



Funded projects for Colon and rectum cancer

Years

Projects

Amount

2016-2018

5

$600,000

2015-2017

1

$120,000

2014-2016

5

$600,000

2013-2015

6

$719,700

2012-2014

5

$600,000

2010-2012

5

$600,000

2009-2011

1

$119,400

Total

17

$3,359,100

KEY DISCOVERIES